Some of the contents in the Book of Enoch (1 Enoch) requires that either the person giving the message was a prophet, or that much of the book of Enoch was written after the New Testament. Notwithstanding, there is now solid proof that parts of the book were written before the birth of Christ. Therefore, it should be obvious that a prophet had something to do with what is found in certain portions of 1 Enoch.
The book has five sections. Parts of four of the five sections are found in the Dead Sea Scrolls. Two Enoch fragments of these scrolls were recently carbon dated to between 166 and 102 BC and 186 and 92 BC. The palaeographic age is said to be 200 BC. The scrolls appear to be part of the library of a Jewish sect hidden away in caves from the Romans before AD 66. Therefore, the information in Enoch validated by the fragments apparently predates the gospels and it certainly predates the Book of Revelation.
Jude, and other new testament writers show that they had knowledge of the book of Enoch. The early church fathers and early historians also write about the book of Enoch. There are about 40 passages in Enoch that say much the same thing as passages in the New Testament.
Even so, we should not consider Enoch to be part of the biblical canon for a number of reasons:
- There is little indication that the Jews or the early fathers thought that the book of Enoch was to be regarded as scripture. They quoted from it and used it more like it was a historical record of Enoch, fallen angels and pre-flood events than it was scripture.
- We do not have reliable texts of the book. They are translations from unknown sources.
- The manuscripts that we have very likely contain insertions put their by Gnostic’s.
The biggest support for the BC dating of the book of Enoch is the Dead Sea Scrolls. Without that find, it would be hard to prove that anything prophetic was written before Jesus. I think additional scrolls will be found in these last days to clarify what belongs in the Book of Enoch.
I suggest that anyone that wants to know more about the book of Enoch do further research themselves. There are scholars that will help you decide which parts of the book are most likely Gnostic inserts. The book does say a lot about the end times so it may be useful in your study of Eschatology.
I will address two issues about Enoch in this article. One has to do with timings and the other has to do with the identity of the two witnesses of Revelation 11.
The Apocalypse of weeks section of Enoch indicates that there will be 7000 years from man until eternity. Enoch gives ten periods and writes a short commentary for each period. We might assume that each of the ten weeks covers 700 years. The few that have tried to date these periods come up with different dates, so I have found nothing definitive. Most of the dating difference are because they use different start dates. However, some do not think the periods are exactly 700 years either.
I will be using Ken Johnson’s dates from his book Ancient Book of Enoch. There is another dating scheme for those ten periods that may fit even better. I can’t use the reasoning found there without plagiarizing much of the article, so you might check out the link yourself.
The prophecy given for each of these ten periods is too long to put here so I will just give my own brief summary of it followed by Ken Johnson’s dating for each of the ten periods. You can read the whole prophecy in chapter 93 of Enoch. What is in parenthesis is just a comment by me to try to be helpful. Why Johnson uses 3925 BC as the start date gets rather complicated. He explains his reasoning in Ancient Post Flood History.
The Ten Weeks of 700 Years:
- A time when righteousness would endure 3925-3225 BC
- The second period would bring great wickedness that would bring about the first end (the flood), 3225-2525 BC
- during the third period there would be a plant of righteousness (Abraham as the Olive Tree), 2525-1825 BC
- Visions of the Holy Law for all generations and an enclosure (God, Law and the Tabernacle), 1825-1125 BC
- House of dominion will be built (Temple), 1125-425 BC
- Blindness and forsaking of wisdom. A man will ascend, The house of dominion will be burnt with fire. The root dispersed (the condition of Israel before Jesus, the man is Jesus, the house is the Temple and the root dispersed is Israel), 425 BC-AD 275
- An apostate generation and a seven fold rise of knowledge in the world coming from the dispersed Jews, AD 275-975
- Righteous judgment on oppressors and sinners and a house built to honor the Lord. (the house built probably came out of the Protestant reformation) AD 975-1675
- God righteous judgment and destruction on the whole world followed by looking toward the path of integrity (the tribulation followed by the start of the millennial kingdom), AD 1675-2375
- The great eternal judgment of all and a new heaven and earth, AD 2375-3075
Note: in the tenth week it says that the judgement would occur in the seventh period of that week, in other words the eternal judgment would come at the very end of the 7000 years. In the previous weeks there is little information about the timing within that week although a few say what is said will happen toward the end of the period. Even so, if you read the full prophecy, the proper sequence of events within that week is in the order written.
If you want to believe these prophecies of Enoch, the end will come exactly 7000 years after Adam. We also know from Revelation that there will be a thousand-year reign of Jesus on earth before the end of the 7000 years. That means if Ken Johnson has the dating correct that Jesus would return before 2075 AD. Keep in mind, that before the end of those 7000 years Satan has to be released for a little time to deceive the nations (Rev 20:3). I do not know how long that little time is but I assume that Satan will have enough time to deceive the nations and get a large number of people to come against Jerusalem.
Let’s suppose that Satan gets forty years to carry out that final deception on earth (it could be more or less). The short time would start in 3035 AD and end in 3075 AD. Then subtract 1000 for the thousand-year reign and the return of Jesus is 2035 AD. 😀
Now, keep in mind that this prophecy was written over two thousand years ago and written before the Book of Revelation was even written. I think the prophecy will prove to be correct. But I do not think anybody has the dating all figured out. We really do not know what year we live in after Adam.
The second issue is about Enoch being one of the two witnesses.
Could it be that Enoch is one of the two witnesses of Revelation 11? Some early fathers of the Church certainly thought so. The idea that Moses is one of the two witnesses is of a later construct.
The two witnesses are killed by the Beast after their 1260 days of testimony. Moses died already, he cannot die again. Enoch and Elijah never died, they were taken alive for a future purpose in these last days. Elijah would restore things in Israel.
Mal 4:5 Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD:
6 And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children, and the heart of the children to their fathers, lest I come and smite the earth with a curse.
Many will not repent. They will kill the two witnesses in Jerusalem. The Lord will then smite the earth with the curse. It is called the Day of the Lord, Jacob’s Trouble and the Great Tribulation.
Enoch will tell the world about what happened from Adam until the flood and why God sent the flood Judgment. This is generally lost to our generation because Christianity has been corrupted by Catholicism, modernism and post modernism. Christendom in general denies any supernatural explanations for pre-flood events or for future Bible prophecy. The record has to be set straight.
Jesus said it would be like it was before the flood in the time just before His second coming. Before the flood the Nephilim ruled on earth. They were the offspring of fallen angels and women. They corrupted what God created on earth. In one way or another, what happened before will happen again.
The testimony of the two witnesses will be given because God always gives a chance for repentance before His judgment falls. For 1260 days the world will be forced to hear the truth. Signs and wonders will accompany their ministry but many will still reject their message. The ministry of these two witnesses are the most understated end time event in the Bible even by Bible prophecy teachers.
Enoch and Elijah will appear in Jerusalem and give their testimony for 1260 days. Everyone will be given the truth before the end comes. They will have no excuse for rejecting God and salvation through Jesus Christ. Those that hate the truth, will be sent a strong delusion. They will believe the lies of the Antichrist. The lie is where paganism, new age, astrology, ufology, demons, fallen angels, pantheism, polytheism, mythology, universalism, evolution, spiritual evolution, reincarnation, witchcraft, genetic engineering, secret societies, world religions, cults, humanism, philosophy, psychologies, and theoretical sciences all converge.